Structure and Reactivity of Multinuclear Coinage Metal Phosphine Complexes with Carboxylate, Hydride and Deuteride Anion Adducts in Isolation

  • This thesis reports about the investigation of di- and trinuclear coinage metal (Cu, Ag, Au) phosphine complexes with different anion adducts. Several mass spectrometric methods were utilized to investigate the complexes in gas phase without disturbing influences e.g. by the solvent. Electrospray Ionization (ESI) enabled the transfer of ions into the gas phase. In order to determine the fragmentation pathways and relative gas phase stabilities of these ions, Collision Induced Dissociation (CID) was used. The binding motifs and structures of the complexes were assigned by the help of Infrared (Multiple) Photon Dissociation (IR-(M)PD) at cryo (40 K, N2-tagged) and room temperature (300 K). Electron Transfer Dissociation/Reduction (ETD/R) was used to reduce the dicationic complexes to monocationic complexes. A tunable OPO/OPA laser system and the FELIX free-electron laser were used as IR laser sources. All experimental findings were supported by Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculation. In the first part of this thesis, the binding motifs and fragmentation behavior of the dinuclear coinage metal phosphine complexes with formate adduct were determined. Two different binding motifs were found and a stronger Cu-formate binding than in the case of Ag-formate. The dynamic bonding of hydrogen oxalate to phosphine ligand stabilized complexes were investigated in the second part. Several different binding motifs were determined. IR induced isomeric interconversions were found for the Ag complex whereas in case of the Cu complex a stiff hydrogen oxalate coordination seems to suppress such conversions. In the last part of this thesis, the ETD/R method was utilized to unravel the influence of oxidation states on the hydride and deuteride vibration modes of the trinuclear coinage metal complexes as well as the O2 adduct complexes and fragments with less complexity via IR-MPD and the FELIX free-electron laser. Unfortunately, an unambiguous assignment for the hydride and deuteride vibration modes is only possible for the fragments with less complexity.

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Author:Björn Kwasigroch
Advisor:Gereon Niedner-SchatteburgORCiD
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Language of publication:English
Publication Date:2022/04/10
Year of Publication:2022
Publishing Institute:Technische Universität Kaiserslautern
Granting Institute:Technische Universität Kaiserslautern
Acceptance Date of the Thesis:2022/01/28
Date of the Publication (Server):2022/04/11
GND-Keyword:Ionenfalle; Infrarotspektroskopie; Gasphase; Münzmetall
Number of page:III, 306
Faculties / Organisational entities:Kaiserslautern - Fachbereich Chemie
DDC-Cassification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 540 Chemie
PACS-Classification (physics):30.00.00 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS
Licence (German):Creative Commons 4.0 - Namensnennung, nicht kommerziell (CC BY-NC 4.0)