Detection of Microstructural Changes in Metastable AISI 347, HSS Z-M4 and Tool Steel Ferrotitanit WFN by Mechanical Loss Coefficient at Ultrasonic Frequencies

  • Ultrasonic processes such as ultrasonic welding or ultrasonic fatigue testing use power ultrasound to stimulate materials with amplitudes in the range of 1–100 µm. The ultrasonic welding process is sensitive to any changes in the system or even the environment that may result in lower joint quality. The welding tools, so called sonotrodes, have to be accurately designed to endure high mechanical and thermal loads while inducing a sufficient amount of welding energy into the joining zone by oscillation with the Eigenfrequency of the whole system. Such sonotrodes are often made of thermally treated metals where the heat treatment is accompanied by microstructural changes. During ultrasonic stimulation, the material may further change its properties and microstructure due to cyclic loading. Both are expected to be recognized and identified by loss coefficients. Therefore, the loss coefficient was determined by modal analysis of rods and fatigue specimen made of different materials to correlate microstructural changes to attenuation. The determined loss coefficients indicated microstructural changes in all materials investigated, confirming results from previous investigations that showed an increasing attenuation due to cyclic loading for AISI 347. For the sonotrode materials Z-M4 PM and Ferrotitanit WFN, the loss coefficients decreased due to thermal treatments. Technically most relevant, changes in elastic modulus due to thermal treatments were quantitatively related to frequency changes, which can significantly simplify future sonotrode development.
Author:Moritz LiesegangORCiD, Tobias Daniel, Benedikt Jäckels, Marek Smaga, Tilmann Beck
Parent Title (German):Materials
Document Type:Article
Language of publication:English
Publication Date:2022/08/30
Year of Publication:2022
Publishing Institute:Technische Universität Kaiserslautern
Date of the Publication (Server):2022/09/14
GND-Keyword:ultrasonic processes; sonotrodes; modal analysis; loss coefficient; phase transformation; cyclic load; VHCF
Issue:2022, 15(17), 6002
Number of page:13
Source: 10.3390/ma15176002
Faculties / Organisational entities:Kaiserslautern - Fachbereich Maschinenbau und Verfahrenstechnik
DDC-Cassification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 500 Naturwissenschaften
Licence (German):Zweitveröffentlichung