Protocols and Algorithms for reliability-constrained Quality-of-Service Routing in IEEE 802.11 (WiFi) Networks in Contention Mode

  • Several applications have emerged and benefited from the recent advancements in wireless communication technologies. In the case of industrial automation, the wireless networks substituted wired networks to control and monitor the production systems and the factory environment. In such use cases, a common requirement is communication reliability. Technologies based on IEEE 802.15.4, such as WirelessHart and ZigBee developed for industrial applications, offer deterministic guarantees using reservation-based medium access. However, it is becoming more challenging for these technologies to guarantee their sufficiently predictable behavior, as the number of consumer electronics equipped with wireless communication technologies operating in the 2.4 GHz ISM band shared by IEEE 802.15.4 is increasing day by day. Meanwhile, developments in WiFi technology opened the opportunity to use WiFi for industrial applications. Compared to the technologies based on IEEE 802.15.4, WiFi offers significantly higher transmission rates, and the off-the-shelf commodity WiFi hardwares are available at a low cost. However, when using a contention-based technology such as WiFi for industrial applications, additional measures are required to guarantee the specified statistical reliability. This thesis lays the foundations for developing a multi-hop wireless control network using off-the-shelf IEEE 802.11 (WiFi) hardware operating in contention mode that can satisfy the specified reliability requirements of the applications. In a multi-hop wireless network, the communication reliability between the nodes depends on the routes determined by the routing protocol and managing these routes. We introduce a novel Quality-of-Service (QoS) routing protocol for contention-based wireless technologies such as WiFi that prioritizes reliability as the QoS requirement for route selection. The proposed routing protocol relies on different aspects of the network to determine and manage the routes. For instance, it requires algorithms and protocols to monitor and measure link quality, available bandwidth, or medium overload. Further, the determined routes require certain statistical link properties for the successful operation of the routes. We develop and evaluate different protocols, algorithms, and metrics to monitor and measure different aspects of the network in this thesis.

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Author:Kiran Mathews
Advisor:Reinhard Gotzhein
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Language of publication:English
Publication Date:2022/09/26
Year of Publication:2022
Publishing Institute:Technische Universität Kaiserslautern
Granting Institute:Technische Universität Kaiserslautern
Acceptance Date of the Thesis:2022/09/05
Date of the Publication (Server):2022/09/27
Tag:Link Metric; Routing; Statistical Independence; WiFi
Number of page:XXII, 211
Faculties / Organisational entities:Kaiserslautern - Fachbereich Informatik
DDC-Cassification:0 Allgemeines, Informatik, Informationswissenschaft / 004 Informatik
Licence (German):Creative Commons 4.0 - Namensnennung, nicht kommerziell, keine Bearbeitung (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)