Comparison of different 3Y-TZP substrates for the manufacture of all-ceramic micro end mills with respect to the cutting edge radius and the tool wear

  • In micro milling, size effects such as the ratio of uncut chip thickness to cutting edge radius result to high mechanical stresses. The tools need to be able to withstand these, with as little tool wear as possible. Cemented carbides are currently the tool substrates of choice. Technical ceramics are highly wear resis- tant as well, but they are not yet used in micro milling. To utilize their potential in micro cutting pro- cesses, we previously identified Y-TZP as the best ceramic for this purpose. Compared to cemented carbide, they exhibit only marginal tool wear when micro milling PMMA. To investigate whether the 3Y-TZP characteristics influence the performance of all-ceramic micro end mills, three different substrate materials were used to manufacture tools that were tested by micro milling of PMMA. Further varied factors were the feed per tooth and the spindle speed. The initial cutting edge sharpness of the tools and the tool wear were used to quantify the results. One substrate was found to result in lower cutting edge radii and a more stable manufacturing process than the others. Also, a feed per tooth dependent wear behavior was observed.

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Author:Tobias Mayer, Sonja Kieren-Ehses, Benjamin Kirsch, Jan C. Aurich
Parent Title (English):Manufacturing Letters
Publisher:Elsevier Ltd
Document Type:Article
Language of publication:English
Date of Publication (online):2023/09/27
Year of first Publication:2023
Publishing Institution:Rheinland-Pfälzische Technische Universität Kaiserslautern-Landau
Date of the Publication (Server):2023/11/07
Tag:All-ceramic micro end mills; Micro milling; PMMA; Tool wear; Y-TZP
Issue:38 (2023) 44–46
Faculties / Organisational entities:Kaiserslautern - Fachbereich Maschinenbau und Verfahrenstechnik
DDC-Cassification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und Maschinenbau
Licence (German):Zweitveröffentlichung