Microstructural characterisation of open foams using 3d images

  • Open cell foams are a promising and versatile class of porous materials. Open metal foams serve as crash absorbers and catalysts, metal and ceramic foams are used for filtering, and open polymer foams are hidden in every-day-life items like mattresses or chairs. Due to their high porosity, classical 2d quantitative analysis can give only very limited information about the microstructure of open foams. On the other hand, micro computed tomography (μCT) yields high quality 3d images of open foams. Thus 3d imaging is the method of choice for open cell foams. In this report we summarise a variety of methods for the analysis of the resulting volume images of open foam structures developed or refined and applied at the Fraunhofer ITWM over a course of nearly ten years: The model based determination of mean characteristics like the mean cell volume or the mean strut thickness demanding only a simple binarisation as well as the image analytic cell reconstruction yielding empirical distributions of cell characteristics.

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Author:K. Schladitz, C. Redenbach, T. Sych, M. Godehardt
Serie (Series number):Berichte des Fraunhofer-Instituts für Techno- und Wirtschaftsmathematik (ITWM Report) (148)
Document Type:Report
Language of publication:English
Year of Completion:2008
Year of Publication:2008
Publishing Institute:Fraunhofer-Institut für Techno- und Wirtschaftsmathematik
Creating Corporation:Fraunhofer ITWM
Date of the Publication (Server):2009/01/15
Tag:3d imaging; cell volume; open cell foam; strut thickness
Faculties / Organisational entities:Fraunhofer (ITWM)
DDC-Cassification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 510 Mathematik
Licence (German):Standard gemäß KLUEDO-Leitlinien vor dem 27.05.2011