Anisotropic Smoothing and Image Restoration Facing Non-Gaussian Noise

  • Image restoration and enhancement methods that respect important features such as edges play a fundamental role in digital image processing. In the last decades a large variety of methods have been proposed. Nevertheless, the correct restoration and preservation of, e.g., sharp corners, crossings or texture in images is still a challenge, in particular in the presence of severe distortions. Moreover, in the context of image denoising many methods are designed for the removal of additive Gaussian noise and their adaptation for other types of noise occurring in practice requires usually additional efforts. The aim of this thesis is to contribute to these topics and to develop and analyze new methods for restoring images corrupted by different types of noise: First, we present variational models and diffusion methods which are particularly well suited for the restoration of sharp corners and X junctions in images corrupted by strong additive Gaussian noise. For their deduction we present and analyze different tensor based methods for locally estimating orientations in images and show how to successfully incorporate the obtained information in the denoising process. The advantageous properties of the obtained methods are shown theoretically as well as by numerical experiments. Moreover, the potential of the proposed methods is demonstrated for applications beyond image denoising. Afterwards, we focus on variational methods for the restoration of images corrupted by Poisson and multiplicative Gamma noise. Here, different methods from the literature are compared and the surprising equivalence between a standard model for the removal of Poisson noise and a recently introduced approach for multiplicative Gamma noise is proven. Since this Poisson model has not been considered for multiplicative Gamma noise before, we investigate its properties further for more general regularizers including also nonlocal ones. Moreover, an efficient algorithm for solving the involved minimization problems is proposed, which can also handle an additional linear transformation of the data. The good performance of this algorithm is demonstrated experimentally and different examples with images corrupted by Poisson and multiplicative Gamma noise are presented. In the final part of this thesis new nonlocal filters for images corrupted by multiplicative noise are presented. These filters are deduced in a weighted maximum likelihood estimation framework and for the definition of the involved weights a new similarity measure for the comparison of data corrupted by multiplicative noise is applied. The advantageous properties of the new measure are demonstrated theoretically and by numerical examples. Besides, denoising results for images corrupted by multiplicative Gamma and Rayleigh noise show the very good performance of the new filters.

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Author:Tanja Teuber
Advisor:Gabriele Steidl
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Language of publication:English
Publication Date:2012/08/01
Year of Publication:2012
Publishing Institute:Technische Universität Kaiserslautern
Granting Institute:Technische Universität Kaiserslautern
Acceptance Date of the Thesis:2012/07/04
Date of the Publication (Server):2012/08/01
Tag:Image restoration; Poisson noise; diffusion models; image denoising; multiplicative noise; nonlocal filtering; similarity measures
GND-Keyword:variational methods
Faculties / Organisational entities:Kaiserslautern - Fachbereich Mathematik
DDC-Cassification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 510 Mathematik
Licence (German):Standard gemäß KLUEDO-Leitlinien vom 02.07.2012